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LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 138

Immediate over delayed implant placement philosophy as a novel approach in oral implantology


1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Shree Bankey Bihari Dental College and Reasecrh Centre, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Prosthodontics, Shree Bankey Bihari Dental College and Reasecrh Centre, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Oral Surgery, Kalka Dental College and Hospital, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Department of Pedodontics, Kalka Dental College and Hospital, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India

Date of Web Publication26-Jul-2013

Correspondence Address:
Prince Kumar
Department of Prosthodontics, Shree Bankey Bihari Dental College and Research Centre, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2278-344X.115693

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How to cite this article:
Kumar P, Kumar P, Yadav S, Tyagi S. Immediate over delayed implant placement philosophy as a novel approach in oral implantology. Int J Health Allied Sci 2013;2:138

How to cite this URL:
Kumar P, Kumar P, Yadav S, Tyagi S. Immediate over delayed implant placement philosophy as a novel approach in oral implantology. Int J Health Allied Sci [serial online] 2013 [cited 2019 Oct 14];2:138. Available from: http://www.ijhas.in/text.asp?2013/2/2/138/115693

Sir,

In this third millennium, immediate or early implant placement after tooth extraction has gained more popularity over delayed one. "Delayed" implants are those placed thereafter in partially or completely healed bone whereas "Immediate" implants are placed in dental sockets just after tooth extraction and proffer shortened treatment time and preservation of the bony volume with esthetics. Immediate implant placement into fresh extraction sockets was first introduced by Ataullah et al. In the late 1970s and considered that to be as a predictable procedure. Literature evidenced a series of well-controlled clinical studies including the work carried out by Ataullah et al., who primarily explored the influence of immediate implantation survival rates and suggested that immediately placed implants are as predictable as those implants placed in completely healed extraction sites. [1]

Missing teeth and supporting oralt issues have traditionally been replaced with dentures or fixed prosthesis permitting rehabilitation of chewing function, speech, and looks; however, dental implants offer an absolute choice to the dilemmas associated with removable and fixed prosthesis. These implants are primarily inserted into the jaw bones to support a dental prosthesis and are retained because of the intimacy of bone growth upon their surfaces. This direct structural and functional connection between living bone and implant surface, termed osseointegration, was first described by Brånemark 1983 and has undoubtedly been one of the most significant scientific breakthroughs in dentistry over the past 30 years. [2],[3] Teeth may have been lost through dental disease or trauma or they may be congenitally absent. Traditionally, before placing dental implants, compromised teeth were removed and the extraction sockets were left to heal for a period few months to 1 year. Nevertheless, most of the patients are interested in shortening the treatment time between tooth extractions and implant placement or even better in having the implants inserted during the same session as the teeth are extracted (immediate implants). This would undoubtedly result in a reduced amount of intervention for replacing missing teeth: Dental implants in fresh extraction sockets. Implant placement in fresh extraction sockets is well- documented. Animal and human studies have demonstrated attainment of osseointegration following immediate placement of implant in freshly extracted tooth/teeth at a light microscopic level. In addition, numerous human clinical studies have documented high levels of success of implant placed at the time of tooth extraction and subsequently restoration in function. [4],[5] As it is clear that the need of an hour is to be well updated with everlasting innovations in implant system so that we can enhance the quality and treatment offered to our patients in regard to treatment time, patient comfort, cost, and aesthetics.

 
  References Top

1.Ataullah K, Chee LF, Peng LL, Tho CY, Wei WC, Baig MR. Implant placement in extraction sockets: A short review of the literature and presentation of a series of three cases. J Oral Implantol 2008;34:97-106.  Back to cited text no. 1
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2.Brånemark PI. Osseointegration and its experimental background. J Prosthet Dent 1983;50:399-410.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.Albrektsson T, Zarb G, Worthington P, Eriksson AR. The long-term efficacy of currently used dental implants: A review and proposed criteria of success. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1986;1:11-25.  Back to cited text no. 3
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4.Berglundh T, Abrahamsson I, Lang NP, Lindhe J. Denovo alveolar bone formation adjacent to endosseous implants. Clin Oral Implants Res 2003;14:251-62.  Back to cited text no. 4
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5.Uribe R, Peñarrocha M, Balaguer J, Fulgueiras N. Immediate loading in oral implants. Present situation. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2005;10:143-53.  Back to cited text no. 5
    




 

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