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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 246-249

Baroda development screening test for infants in a perinatal psychiatry setting: A preliminary report from India


1 Department of Clinical Psychology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Psychiatric Social Work, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Geetha Desai
Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijhas.IJHAS_82_17

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BACKGROUND: There is a need for early and reliable screening methods to identify the developmental delays in infants born to mothers with perinatal psychiatric disorders. Developmental assessment scales for Indian infants (DASII) is the only standardized tool from India for use in infants but is time-consuming and expensive, which may not be useful in busy outpatient settings or when the mother has a psychiatric illness. AIM: To examine the correlation between the Baroda development screening test (BDST), developmental screening test (DST), and DASII full scale (i.e., both motor and mental scales). METHODS: The study included thirty consecutive infants in the age range of 1–6 months from inpatient and outpatient perinatal psychiatric services. The infants were screened with DST and BDST and later assessed with DASII full scale. RESULTS: Both BDST and DST showed significant correlation with mental subscale and motor subscale of DASII, but only BDST predicted the DASII scores on mental scale (standard error [SE] = 0.14; t = 0.73; P < 0.01) and the motor scale (SE = 0.12; t = 0.73; P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Both DST and BDST show good correlation with DASII, but only BDST predicts the DASII scores. The findings need to be replicated with larger sample size and different settings to establish BDST as an effective screening tool in identifying developmental delays in infants born to mothers with perinatal psychiatric disorders.


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