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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 132-135

Screening of malnutrition using the mini-nutritional assessment among hospitalized elderly patients in Western Gujarat

Department of Community Medicine, M. P. Shah Government Medical College, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Rohitkumar Vasabhai Ram
Block No. 608, King Palace Apartment, Opposite Mehul Nagar Telephone Exchange, Mehul Nagar, Jamnagar - 361 006, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijhas.IJHAS_102_19

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BACKGROUND: Increase in life expectancy brings certain health-related conditions with age. Malnutrition is an underlying factor for much morbidity and hence, its identification and appropriate intervention has a great value in averting poor clinical outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to find the nutritional status of elderly patients admitted to the hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 163 indoor elderly patients from the different departments of a government hospital for the duration of 2 months and their nutritional status was assessed using internationally validated tools, Mini-Nutritional Assessment – Short form (MNA-SF). Data were entered and analyzed statistically using Microsoft Excel software. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of malnutrition among hospitalized elderly patients was found to be 10.43% and half of the patients (50.31%) were at risk of malnutrition, as per the MNA-SF score. The rate of malnutrition was high among male patients than female patients, and the prevalence of malnutrition rises with an increase in age. Hospitalized patients were found to have decreased intake of food, weight loss of >3 kg, restricted in mobility, and body mass index <19. More than half suffered psychological stress in the past 3 months and around 70% of patients suffered from mild-to-severe dementia or depression. CONCLUSION: Malnutrition among hospitalized elderly patients needs to be identified and intervened at the earliest to postpone or alleviate poor health outcomes.

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