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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 143-146

Comparison of omentoplasty and tube drainage as treatment option in hydatid liver disease: A retrospective hospital-based observational study


1 Department of Paediatrics, World College of Medical Sciences and Research Institute, Jhajjar, Haryana, India
2 Department of Surgery, Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
3 Department of Neonatology, World College of Medical Sciences and Research Institute, Jhajjar, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Sajad Ahmad Sheikh
World College of Medical Sciences and Research Institute, Jhajjar, Haryana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijhas.IJHAS_115_19

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BACKGROUND: Hydatid disease remains an important parasitic infection requiring surgical intervention. The liver is the most common site of infection, and several methods of surgery have been described to treat this common disease. Extensive research is going on to find the best operative treatment procedure for hydatid liver diseases. AIM: The aim of the study was to compare the results of two surgical methods used in the treatment of hydatid disease of the liver, namely omentoplasty and tube drainage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-seven cases of hydatid liver were treated from January 2005 to January 2011, out of which thirty patients were treated with omentoplasty (Group A) and 27 were treated with tube drainage (Group B). The results of the surgery in terms of mortality, complications, hospital stay, and recurrences were analyzed by unpaired t-test or Fisher's exact test, and P value was calculated. RESULTS: Overall postoperative complications were seen in 9.4% in Group A and 22.5% in Group B. The average hospital stay and time to resume routine work in Group A was shorter as compared to Group B. The percentage of complications such as wound infections and abscesses formation were 3.4% each in omentoplasty group and 11.2% and 7.2% in tube drainage group, respectively. The comparison of infection frequency among two groups showed strong statistical significance withP = 0.002 in wound infection and 0.0014 in abscess formation. The comparison of jaundice development after both procedures was statistically insignificant (P = 0.037). No patient in omentoplasty group developed biliary fistula, and the percentage of this complication in tube drainage was 3.7%. The recurrence of hydatid disease in omentoplasty was nil and 7.41% in tube drainage patients. There were no recurrences in either group for a follow-up of 4 years. CONCLUSION: Omentoplasty is better and must be preferred operative procedure than tube drainage in the treatment of hydatid cyst liver disease.


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