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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 249-254

Assessment of risk factors of non-communicable diseases among high school students in Mangalore, India

1 Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, (Manipal University), Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2 MBBS Student, Kasturba Medical College, (Manipal University), Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Juhi Dhanawat
Nandgiri Ladies Hostel, Light house Hill Road, Kasturba Medical College (Manipal University), Mangalore
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-344X.107888

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Context: Non-communicable diseases are ever increasing and will soon outnumber the prevalence of communicable diseases. This study aims to detect prevalence of risk factors of non-communicable diseases in high school students and its comparison among students of private and government schools, Mangalore. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire based study was conducted amongst consenting high-school students. The data collected included socio-demographic factors, dietary habits, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, height and weight. Data was tabulated and analyzed using Microsoft excel and SPSS version 11.5 software. Chi square test was used to determine the association of various factors with risk factors, P < 0.05 was considered significant. The results were presented as tables. Result: 413 students were surveyed from private and government schools. Age range was 13-15 years. One-tenth of the students had adequate dietary habits. Though most students were physically active, the type and duration of activity was inadequate. Two students were obese, both females. There were statistically significant differences among various socioeconomic classes, type of school and the presence of certain risk factors. Alcohol intake among students of upper class was significant ( P = 0.006). Conclusion: The prevalence of risk factors for NCD is low among high-school students of Mangalore. Students should be educated about having adequate amount of fruits and vegetables and advised to reduce the consumption of fast food. Vigorous activity should be encouraged amongst the students to prevent them from getting obese.

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