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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 88-94

Risky sexual behavior related to human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome among seasonal labor migrants: A cross-sectional study from far Western Region of Nepal

1 Department of Public Health, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, KLE University, Belgaum, Karnataka, India
2 Nepal Health Research Council, Kathmandu, Nepal

Correspondence Address:
Dillee Prasad Paudel
Department of Public Health, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, KLE University, Belgaum, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is a global public health problem; enormously affecting the national economy, social development and human rights with posing a challenge to human civilization. Seasonal labor migrants are the most at risk population for HIV/AIDS and their risky sexual behaviors exacerbate its transmission. The aim of the study was to explore the HIV/AIDS related sexual behavior of migrant workers. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 372 migrant workers backing to Nepal from Banbasa border of India-Nepal during August-October 2010. Migrants having permanent residents of far western region, Nepal were individually contacted at the entry point of Nepal and interviewed in a confidential environment after obtaining informed consent. Data were analysed using the SPSS (16.0 version). Descriptive and inferencial statistics were applied considering P < 0.05 as significant. Results: Altogether, 372 male migrant workers (mean age± S.D.: 29.6 ± 1.9 years) were study participants. About 19.35% were illiterates 34.68% had primary education, 61.29% were married, and 74.20% were Hindus. About 53.22% were from schedule caste, and 41.94% had monthly income < 3000 Nepali rupees (NRs). About 45.77% were porter followed by 29.84%, 12.10% and 11.29% as construction workers, home servant, and hotel/supermarket helpers, respectively. Cent percent had any form of sexual contact and 45.96% had >3 sex partners. Most (82.25%) had vaginal sex and 43.54% reported the consistent use of condom. About 64.76% had sex after drinking alcohol. Age, education, monthly income and nature of works were significant with risky behaviors. Conclusion: Inconsistent condom use, multiple sexual partners and sex after drinking alcohol have a cumulative effect on the risk of HIV transmission.

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