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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 185-188

Prevalence of developmental defects of enamel in mixed and permanent dentition of 9 and 12 year old children of Himachal Pradesh, India: A cross sectional study

1 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, H.P. Government Dental College and Hospital, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Deepak Chauhan
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, H.P. Government Dental College, Shimla 171 001, Himachal Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-344X.120587

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Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine and compare the prevalence and presentation of developmental defects of the enamel (DDE) in the mixed and permanent dentition of healthy school children residing in hills. Materials and Methods: A total of 1188 healthy school children were examined using modified DDE criteria for recording enamel defects. Results: The overall prevalence of DDE of any type was (51.3%) in both mixed and permanent dentition. Diffuse opacity was (25.3%) the most common defect and demarcated opacity was (23.1%) and whereas, enamel hypoplasia was the least prevalent defect with prevalence of (2.9%). Conclusion: The study population showed a high prevalence of DDE in primary as well as in the permanent dentition, reflecting the current increasing trend of this condition, which should be considered as a significant public health problem.

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