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CASE REPORT
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 28-32

Rhinocerebral mucormycosis: Race against time for surgeons


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Vokkaligara Sangha Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Vokkaligara Sangha Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Jasleen Kaur Handa
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Vokkaligara Sangha Dental College and Hospital, K.R. Road, V.V. Puram, Bengaluru - 560 004, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2278-344X.173878

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Rhinocerebral mucormycosis is a rare, aggressive, and rapidly progressive life-threatening opportunistic infection affecting the immunocompromised patients. It manifests as facial swelling, cellulitis, nasal obstruction and discharge, large areas of tissue destruction and necrosis, orbital cellulitis, ptosis, proptosis, and vision loss in advanced cases. The pathognomonic feature of the disease is the presence of invasive mycelium in the tissues. A case series on four patients diagnosed with rhinocerebral mucormycosis is presented. Diabetic ketoacidosis was the common risk factor observed in all the three patients. It was concluded that early diagnosis and aggressive medical and surgical treatment are necessary for decreasing the high mortality rate of the infection.


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