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CASE REPORT
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 174-177

Human cysticercosis


1 Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Clinical Neurosciences, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Neuromicrobiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra
Faculty Block, Neurocentre, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru - 560 029, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2278-344X.187831

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Humans and pigs become the intermediate hosts by ingestion of the eggs excreted in feces by human Taenia solium carriers. Neurocysticercosis is the most common parasitic infection of the brain. A gravid segment of the parasite contains about 40,000 eggs and approximately 50 million people suffer world over with 50,000 annual deaths. Disease modifying treatment options have to be carefully chosen in the selected cases. We report a 14-year-old female child who presented with headache, fever, and blindness of 4 months duration she had bilateral papilledema with no perception of light. Investigations showed the whole brain parenchyma filled with cysts of the trophozoite stage sparing the pons, medulla, and spinal cord. Whole body was filled with sheets of cysticercal lesions in the skin, muscles, eyes, liver, and kidney. Patient was treated with steroids and anti-edema measures. Patient made very good recovery with very mild cognitive and behavioral sequelae.


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