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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 178-181

Rare occurrence of bortezomib-induced Sweet's syndrome in multiple myeloma

1 Department of Medical Oncology, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Hematology, Army Hospital (R and R), New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Chaturbhuj Agrawal
Room No. 210, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute, Sector 5, Rohini, New Delhi - 110 085
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-344X.187832

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Sweet's syndrome (SS) (acute neutrophilic dermatosis) has already been described in cases of acute leukemia. It has been rarely reported in patients receiving bortezomib therapy for multiple myeloma (MM). A 65-year-old male, who was diagnosed as a case of MM 3 years back, initially received lenalidomide- and dexamethasone-based regimen, followed by lenalidomide maintenance, but subsequently had progressive disease with increasing monoclonal M-spike on serum protein electrophoresis, so shifted to bortezomib and dexamethasone along with monthly zoledronic acid-based treatment. He developed itching over face and neck with darkening and thickening of the skin. Examination revealed hyperpigmentation of face along with excoriation and erosions with involvement of "V" of neck with relative sparing of upper eyelid, postauricular area, and nasolabial folds. Histopathological examination of skin biopsy revealed neutrophilic infiltration of dermis suggestive of SS. A wide variety of cutaneous complications has been described in 10-20% of patients receiving bortezomib. However, SS has rarely been described in such patients with only a few case reports reported so far. Our patient developed features of SS while on bortezomib therapy and had shown dramatic response to bortezomib withdrawal and treatment with oral and topical steroids showing temporal association of this rare syndrome with bortezomib therapy.

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