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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 203-209

Prevalence of behavioral risk factor in the United States of America adult population: A concise review of the findings from the behavioral risk factor surveillance system, 2001–2017


Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Chidiebere Emmanuel Okechukwu
Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome
Italy
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijhas.IJHAS_116_19

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Adult citizens of the United States of America (US) have lesser life expectancy compared to inhabitants of the rest of the developed countries. The objective of this review was to evaluate the prevalence of behavioral risk factors, which are physical inactivity, weight gain, prevalence of smoking, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, poor diet and heavy alcohol consumption, in all the US states including Washington DC and all the territories from 2001 to 2009, and 2011–2017 using data obtained from the behavioral risk factor surveillance system (BRFSS) database. Studies that investigated on lifestyle behaviors and behavioral risk factor among US citizens obtainable up to August 2019 were evaluated. PubMed database was used. The MeSH system was used to extract relevant research studies from PubMed. Data from the survey of behavioral risk factors for all the US States, including Washington DC and all territories was obtained from The BRFSS database. The findings from the Surveys on US adult's physical activity, entails participation in aerobic and muscle strengthening exercises to meet recommendations shows that from 2013 to 2017 a significant proportion of the US adult population did not meet up with physical activity guidelines for US adults. However, the results of the surveys on the consumption of fruits and vegetables among US adults at least 5 or more times/day from 2002 to 2009 shows that a significant proportion of the US adult population eats fruits and vegetables <5 servings/day which is below the advocated amounts of fruits and vegetables.


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